Chosen by over 100 million votes from across the globe in 2007, the New 7 Wonders of the World are the impressive landmarks and popular attractions. One of them, and perhaps the most mythical, is Machu Picchu. The citadel of Machu Picchu in Cusco, Peru, was discovered in 1902 by Agustín Lizárraga and made known to the world in 1911 by Hiram Bingham.
What is the history behind the mythical Machu Picchu?
The “lost” city of the Incas was built in the mid-15th century by orders of the Inca Pachacútec. Although this archaeological center has no name, Machu Picchu, the mountain where it is located, means “Old Mountain” in Quechua. According to studies, this place served as a resting place for the Inca and was destined to accommodate approximately 300 people.
This urban construction is high up in the Andes with steep drops to the Urubamba River on three sides, surrounded by majestic mountains. The Incas were known master builders but the stonework put together in Machu Picchu is so precise that leaves every visitor in awe at the first sight. Human intervention went hand in hand with nature and the result is inspiring.
Why does the Peruvian Amazon stand out?
In 2011, a global competition inspired by the list of The New Seven Wonders of the World cast 500 million votes and elected The Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Among these, the Amazon rainforest and river stand out as it occupies 60% of the Peruvian territory.
The Amazon is a vast region that surrounds the Amazon River basin – its waters flow along 7,020kms-, through the territories of nine countries including Peru. Considered as “the lungs of the world” and one of the few large natural reserves left, the Amazon contains extensive jungle areas and endless tropical forests in which they still inhabit many indigenous peoples.
Its conservation is paramount to preserve this rich biodiversity and multicultural heritage. Peru is focused on sustainability and community-based tourism. Visiting the Peruvian Amazon, you will enjoy a true immersive experience in the jungle cruisers and will help us to preserve the environment and wildlife, all while supporting the traditional way of life of locals.