Huawei reveals the top 10 predicted industry trends of data center facilities

Fei Zhenfu, President of Huawei Data Center Facility Domain
Fei Zhenfu, President of Huawei Data Center Facility Domain

Huawei, the multinational tech corporation recently held the Top 10 Trends of Data Center Facilities conference, themed “Smart DC, Building the Green Future”. Fei Zhenfu, President of Huawei Data Center Facility Domain, released a white paper outlining Huawei’s insight on data center facility trends that aim to promote sustainable development in the data center industry.

What were the trends identified by Huawei’s white paper?

Drawing from its experience and industry insights, Huawei has identified these top 10 trends:

Low carbon

Data centers will adopt green, low-carbon solutions and utilize clean energy sources like PV, wind, and hydropower to minimize their carbon footprint. By 2027, green power utilization is expected to exceed 50%. Advanced energy conservation solutions and technologies, like waste heat recovery will be implemented to improve data center energy efficiency and recovery.


New sustainability indicators for data centers will soon be introduced, including renewable energy utilization, water usage effectiveness (WUE), carbon usage effectiveness (CUE), space usage effectiveness (SUE), grid usage effectiveness (GUE), material recovery rate, as well as lifetime contaminant emissions, in addition to the existing power usage effectiveness (PUE).

Fast deployment

Data centers must be rapidly deployed to meet the skyrocketing computing demands on the market, with construction periods decreasing from 12 months to six months or even less.

High density

As general chip performance and power consumption improve, the demand for high-density data centers will henceforth increase. Cloud data centers will then become mainstream, and diversified computing collaboration will become the new norm. Standard power density per IT rack is predicted to increase from 6–8 kW to 12–15 kW by 2027. Power density in supercomputing and intelligent computing centers will reach about 30 kW or even higher.


Future data centers will be more flexible regarding gradual upgrades, with one generation of facilities supporting power evolution over two to three generations of IT equipment. A standard design will facilitate on-demand deployment and elastic capacity expansion.


The prefabricated and simple architecture will tackle challenges such as long construction periods and complex O&M faced by all the existing traditional data centers. In the near future, a data center building will house over 1000 racks, and a campus will accommodate over 10,000 racks. The prefabricated design will shorten the construction period for a 1000-rack data center from 12 months to 6 months, enabling rapid delivery and on-demand deployment.

Storage and backup integration

Renewable energy and energy storage will be necessary for all the power-hungry data centers. Energy storage systems (ESSs) deployments in data centers will purposely integrate short-term backup power systems to participate in all kinds of frequency regulation as well as peak shaving, consequently enhancing the power grid stability. Peak shaving will also improve the grid usage effectiveness (GUE) so that more IT racks can be deployed to increase revenue.

Distributed cooling

A distributed cooling system uses cooling sources for each data hall and adopts a redundancy configuration as required. In the near future, distributed cooling systems will gradually replace centralized cooling systems as the preferred solution for all the large data centers due to their very flexible architecture and high reliability. They have a wider and a more pliable reach.

Smart O&M

Smart O&M is crucial for enhancing data center resource utilization and reliability. Intelligent operations will automatically determine data center asset statuses to maximize asset value. Intelligent maintenance will identify faults and optimize energy conservation in real time to improve O&M efficiency, achieving predictive maintenance and optimal energy efficiency.

Security & trustworthiness

As digitalization and intelligence advance in the new age, data centers will strengthen their hardware reliability, software security, system resilience, safety, privacy, as well as their availability. AI technologies will implement predictive maintenance on components, devices, and systems at the hardware level. The hierarchical defense will be provided at the software level. A combination of software and hardware measures will boost data center reliability.

What were the executive remarks from Huawei?

According to Mr. Fei Zhenfu, as global computing demand continues to grow exponentially in the digital intelligence era, there will be a surge in data center construction. To achieve carbon neutrality, the industry must prioritize energy conservation activities, carbon emission reduction, and green transformation. This presents both challenges and opportunities.

Moving forward, Huawei as a multinational corporation will strengthen technological innovation to lead industry development and offer more competitive products and solutions to build a solid digital foundation for a greener, low-carbon future for the data center industry.


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